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EDU00355 - IMPACT OF TEACHING PRACTICE AND TEACHING SKILL ACQUISITION OF BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

 

Teaching is an activity performed by an individual who is the teacher whose intention is to bring about learning. Teaching is an exciting and rewarding activity that is very demanding. Teaching requires that the practitioners clearly understand what should be done to bring the most desirable learning in the learners and be highly proficient in the skills necessary to carry out this tasks. The role of teachers in suitable development cannot be qualified, especially in training personnel in various areas of the workforce.

However, according to Nwanekezi, Okili and Mezieobi [2011], the teacher needs to be properly educated and trained for professional efficiency and inculcated with a positive attitude that will enable him/her go through the training properly and come out well equipped for the responsibility ahead

            Kingudu and Nayimuli [2011],  every profession has a period of apprenticeship, teaching profession as a noble profession has a period of apprenticeship known as teaching practice, which is out to assist teachers to become professional in the field of education. Teaching practice assist in putting theory into practice assist in putting theory into practice for teaching skills acquisition. Teaching practice is an important component in the Nigeria certificate in education for teacher education programme and universities undergraduate program of the faculties and schools of education. Samuel (2010), Teachers are expected to be creative and resourceful, teaching practice provides students opportunity to be resourceful through improvisation from the local environment, students are able to detect their strength and weakness before the commencement of supervision. Their involvement with both permanent and practicing teachers as well as the pupils provides them with a standard for evaluating the viability of teaching profession. It is also helps them adjust strictly to the environment they find themselves, this has to do with cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains of the learners, which can help in the general growth of the nation.

The development of adequate skills and competencies is an important characteristic of teaching practice in the Nigerian education system. In support of this, one of the National Educational Objectives stated that the acquisition of appropriate skills, abilities and competencies both mental and physical are important for all Nigerians to live and contribute to the development of their society (Federal Republic of Nigeria - FRN 2004). The knowledge of economics of education (ema402) made me know that most students would not discover their teaching skills and influence until they go for teaching practice. It can be deduced from this assertion that teaching practice experience exposes most students to realize their teaching skills and knowledge required of the profession to become a sound teacher that doesn’t render or offer an half baked knowledge to the pupils. Hence, this research work is geared towards a cursory and critical look into the impact of teaching practice and skill acquisition of business education in university of Ilorin.

Statement of the problem

            Teaching practice is an important aspect towards becoming a teacher. It provides experience to student teachers in the actual teaching and learning environment. During teaching practice, a student teacher is given the opportunity to try the art of teaching before actually getting into the real world of the teaching profession.

Samuel Nayimuli (2012), in his study analyzed the teaching practice as a make or break phase for students. His research was conducted on student teacher’s experience and anxieties during teaching practice. Koross R. (2016), carried out research on teacher’s experiences during teaching practice and its impact on their perception of the teaching profession.

However, a review of the literature indicates that there are limited studies that had been conducted regarding the acquisition of teaching skills. This research work is aimed at bridging the gap left by Samuel Nayimuli on how influential is teaching practice experience of business education on their  teaching  skills. Also, this research work will focus on business education students particularly in university of Ilorin in contrast of the above stated study that was carried out in South Africa. Koross research was limited to Kenya, this gap left by her would be filled by this study which aimed at investigating the impact of teaching practice and teaching skills acquisition of business education students in university of Ilorin. Finally, to check how well teaching practice enables the students to acquire the skill needed for the teaching profession.

 

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study carried out to evaluate the impact of teaching practice and teaching skill acquisition of business education students in university of ilorin. The following are the purpose of establishing this study.

  1. To investigate the impact of teaching practice on teaching skill acquisition of business education of university of Ilorin.
  2. To examine if teaching practice enables business education students of university of ilorin to merge theory with practical.
  3. To examine if teaching practice experience equips business education students of university of ilorin with the knowledge and skills required for the teaching profession.

 

Research Questions

The following research questions was raised to guide the study

  1. Does teaching practice exposes business education students on how to merge theory with practical.
  2. Does teaching practice experience have impact on teaching skill acquisition of business education in university of Ilorin.
  3. Does teaching practice enhance the students knowledge about teaching as a profession.